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Calvin Pease papers, 1839-1863

72 items

The Pease collection consists of letters to family members, letters to the state legislature of Vermont, commencement speeches, lectures, funeral eulogies, and sermons written by Calvin Pease a pastor, professor, and president of the University of Vermont.

The Pease collection consists of 72 manuscript items spanning a 24 year period (1839-1863). The collection is diverse, comprised of letters to family members, letters to the state legislature of Vermont, commencement speeches, lectures, funeral eulogies, and above all, sermons.

The earliest documents in the Pease papers consist of letters from Pease to his brother, Thomas, discussing the state of his health and family matters. Among the lectures are ones pertaining to the temperance movement, the parental duties of a Christian household, the "Thorough Method of Learning Language," and discussions of Classical Greek culture.

In six of the sermons included in the collection, Pease made occasional reference to the horrors of slavery, often regardless of the sermon's topic, and he was an inveterate supporter of the Union cause. Slavery, he wrote, is the "cause of all our woe" (1861 May 26), and in his commencement sermon of June, 1863, he mentioned two classmates who had recently volunteered in the war, to their "everlasting honor." Elsewhere, he wrote that freedom is a slave's inalienable birth right (1863 January 4). Finally, in a 1861 sermon entitled, "The Claims of Vermont Upon her Citizens," Pease refers to William Henry Seward's speech before the U.S. Senate and Vermont's obligation to comply with volunteers.

The photographs associated with the collection include images of Calvin and Martha Pease, their five daughters, James Marsh (first President of the University of Vermont), and James Burrill Angell and son. Angell served as the president of the University of Vermont from 1866-1871, and thereafter of the University of Michigan. He was a close friend of Pease, although there is no other mention of him in this collection.


D. G. Moore letters, 1882-1893 (majority within 1882-1883)

6 items

This collection is made up of 6 letters that Davis Graham Moore wrote to his son Allen from 1882-1884 and in 1893. Moore's correspondence concerns his son's activities and studies at the University of Vermont, flooding in southern Illinois, family news, and the World's Columbian Exposition.

This collection is made up of 6 letters that Davis Graham Moore wrote to his son Allen in the late 19th century. He sent 5 letters to Allen, then a student at the University of Vermont, from October 31, 1882-January 26, 1884. He discussed aspects of Allen's collegiate life and activities, such as an altercation between members of different classes, his academic performance, and his involvement in a fraternity. He reminisced briefly about his own time at the university. Some of the letters pertain to Moore's work for the Wabash, St. Louis, and Pacific Railway, particularly regarding the shipment of cotton, and to the flooding of the Wabash and Ohio Rivers in February 1883. His letter of January 26, 1884, mentions Allen's eponymous uncle, who had just received a Ph.D. from the University of Leipzig. Moore's final letter to his son, dated at Chicago, Illinois, on November 23, 1893, largely concerns the World's Columbian Exposition, including Moore's positive impression of the General Electric Company's displays and the vast numbers of visitors on "Chicago Day."


Hopkins family papers, ca. 1800-1932

4 linear feet

The Hopkins family papers contain wide variety of materials relating to the Hopkins family of Vermont and California. A few of the wide variety of topics covered include the Episcopal Church, student life at the University of Vermont, the 1849 Gold Rush and 19th-century life in California, the San Francisco Earthquake of 1906, art, and music.

The Hopkins Family papers document the activities of several generations of the Hopkins family of Vermont and California, whose members included prominent 19th century artists, musicians, religious figures, and writers. Among its notable figures are John Henry Hopkins (1792-1868), the first Episcopal bishop of Vermont; John Henry Hopkins, Jr., best known for writing the song "We Three Kings"; and Caspar Hopkins, a writer, early explorer of southern Oregon, and miner and entrepreneur during the California Gold Rush. Perhaps the most extraordinary aspect of the Hopkins family was the wide extent of their collective talents and experiences. As a result, their collection touches on numerous historical subjects, including the Episcopal Church, the insurance business in California, shipping, Vermont in the 19th century, California during and after the Gold Rush, gothic architecture, classical and religious music, education, and family life during the 19th century. Spanning 1800 to 1932, and comprising four linear feet of material, the collection contains a huge variety of material, including correspondence, documents, printed matter, drawings, manuscript and printed music, photographs, broadsides, pamphlets, monographs, periodicals, and maps.

The Correspondence series contains approximately 400 incoming and outgoing letters, spanning 1824 to 1932, with the bulk concentrated in the years between 1830 and 1890. Caspar Hopkins contributed the largest number of letters to the collection, writing approximately 25%; followed by his brother, John, Jr., (15%); his mother, Melusina (10%); his wife, Almira (5%), and his father, John, Sr., (5%). Caspar wrote frequent letters to his wife and family, and they document many stages of his life, such as his 1849 voyage to California via Mexico and his participation in the Gold Rush as a speculator and businessman, his exploration of the Umpqua River in southern Oregon in the early 1850s, and his career as president of the California Insurance Company in the 1860s through the 1880s. His Gold Rush letters in particular contain incisive comments on the miners he encountered and on their way of life. On October 14, 1850, he wrote a letter to "Friend Clarke," describing frontier conditions, the attitudes of settlers, and the habits of Native Americans in the Klamath River Valley. Many letters also discuss religious and intellectual matters, two areas of interest for Caspar.

Bishop John H. Hopkins' letters span 1831-1866 and contain a great deal of advice to Caspar, as well as his thoughts on religious matters, the Civil War, family affairs, and many other topics. In a few early letters written to Caspar when he was a young man, John described his views on the raising of children and gave advice on being successful (December 11, 1850); he lamented Caspar's lack of interest in the ministry as a career (February 20, 1851). Other letters by the bishop touch on the satisfaction of worship (August 17, 1854), contain pro-South speculation as to the causes of the Civil War (May 28, 1861), and mention his upcoming golden wedding anniversary with Melusina (March 10, 1865). In a letter of August 10, 1866, John addressed Caspar's growing skepticism toward organized religion, urging him to return to the church "to which you and your dear family rightfully belong," despite its "earthly" defects. John Henry Hopkins, Jr., wrote several dozen letters, primarily concerning his experience as a member of the clergy, touching often on pedagogical subjects which ranged from arguments on why Lincoln was a bad president to theological discourses, some even written in Latin. On February 25, 1844, he wrote a particularly good description of student life at the University of Vermont, and bemoaned the "inveterate practice of loafing into each other's rooms in study hours" and "lolling on each other's beds." The Hopkins women are also well-represented among the letter-writers. Melusina Mueller Hopkins, the wife of Bishop Hopkins, wrote numerous letters to Caspar, which include biographical information about Caspar's siblings and father, as well as other family news. Others female writers include Amelia Muller (Melusina's sister), and Caspar's sisters Caroline Hopkins Canfield and Matilda Hopkins Camp.

The Bishop Hopkins' Sermons and Pastoral Letters series contains ten manuscript sermons (including one fragment), two printed sermons, and two printed pastoral letters. The manuscript items note the various dates on which Hopkins read them before his congregation; he frequently performed them multiple times between 1824 and 1862. The printed sermons and pastoral letters all date to the period of 1850-1855. They touch on numerous religious and scriptural themes and shed light on the Episcopal Church in Vermont and Hopkins' own views on morality, the meaning of life, and the role of the church. Many additional items written by Hopkins are housed in the Book Division, and listed under "Additional Descriptive Data."

The Caspar Hopkins' Writings and Documents series contains one linear foot of material, dating from Hopkins' college years (1845-1847) to the end of his life in the 1890s. Containing both manuscript and printed items, it includes four subseries. The General Writings subseries consists of 24 items, including essays that Hopkins wrote for classes at the University of Vermont, several plays, and articles that he wrote on topics as diverse as divorce law, happiness, American government, and the insurance agency. The second subseries, Berkeley Club Writings, contains 16 manuscript essays that Hopkins wrote between 1873 and 1889 for presentation to the social and intellectual organization, the Berkeley Club. They pertain to such topic as evolution, agnosticism, religion in public schools, and marriage and divorce. The Autobiography subseries consists of three copies of Hopkins' self-published biography, written in 1889, which provides biographical information and insightful commentary on himself and various other members of the Hopkins family. The final subseries, Documents, includes three documents relating to Caspar Hopkins dated between 1873 and 1893: a publishing contract, a printed petition, and a will.

The Printed Matter and Clippings series contains miscellaneous printed items related to or collected by members of the Hopkins family, dating ca. 1850 to ca. 1940. The series comprises printed playbills and concert programs, newspaper articles relating to members of the family, and other printed material. It also includes an undated phrenology chart for Caspar Hopkins. Two printed broadsides in this series are housed in the Graphics Division. For more information, see "Separated Materials" under "Additional Descriptive Data."

The Genealogy series contains manuscript and printed information on various lines of the Hopkins family, gathered primarily in the early 20th-century.

The Music series includes manuscript and printed music played or written by various members of the Hopkins family. Among the many items of interest are a volume of music written by Bishop John Hopkins; a set of scores written and copied by Caspar Hopkins while in California, 1861-1865; and two ca. 1800 books of German songs belonging to the sisters of Melusina Mueller, Charlotte and Theresa.

The Art series contains the drawings, sketches, watercolors, and hand-colored botanical paintings produced by Bishop John Hopkins, his mother (Elizabeth Fitzackerly), and his children. Included are six volumes of drawings and watercolors by the bishop, which depict scenes he encountered while traveling in upstate New York in 1825, gothic churches, landscapes, and human hands. Of particular note are nineteen large plates from Hopkins' 1834 Vermont Flower Book, nine of which his children hand-painted, as well as a letter from William Bayard Hopkins, laid into the volume, describing their habit of working together around the dining room table. Also of interest are botanical paintings by Hopkins' mother, Elizabeth Fitzackerly, dating to the late 18th- or early 19th-century.

The Photographs and Maps series includes approximately 50 photographs of various members of the Hopkins family, including John Hopkins, Sr.; Melusina Hopkins; Caspar Hopkins; John Henry Hopkins; Jr.; Frances (Hopkins) Hinckley; William Bayard Hopkins; and various family groups, landmarks, and homes. Formats include cartes de visite, cabinet cards, tintypes, and a glass plate positive. Also present are two large views of San Francisco shortly after the destruction of the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. The collection also includes three maps, housed in the Map Division. They include an 1849 sketch of San Francisco by Caspar Hopkins; a map of Penobscot County, Maine (ca. 1900); and one of the Union Pacific Railroad and its rail connections (1872). For more information, see "Separated Materials" under "Additional Descriptive Data."


James B. Angell Papers, 1845-1916

16.5 linear feet (in 17 boxes) — 1 oversize folder — 6 volumes

Papers of James Burrill Angell, the third President of the University of Michigan (1871-1909) and U.S. Minister to China (1871-1909) and Turkey (1897-1898). Includes correspondence, lectures and lecture notes, addresses and articles, subject files and personal materials, and photographs.

The Angell papers documents Angell's academic and diplomatic career. There is extensive material on all phases of University of Michigan business, particularly Angell's contacts with the state legislature, the board of regents, faculty relations, and the various schools, colleges, departments and divisions. Much of the correspondence and the Angell diaries relate to his diplomatic missions, higher education in the United States, and family matters.


Lincoln family correspondence, 1800-1944 (majority within 1818-1883)

0.5 linear feet

This collection contains the correspondence of three generations of the Lincoln family of Dennysville, Maine, descendants of General Benjamin Lincoln. The primary correspondents are Theodore Lincoln, Benjamin Lincoln, Thomas Lincoln, and Arthur Lincoln.

This collection (0.5 linear feet) contains the correspondence of three generations of the Lincoln family, descendants of General Benjamin Lincoln. The primary correspondents are Theodore Lincoln, Benjamin Lincoln, Thomas Lincoln, and Arthur Lincoln of Dennysville, Maine.

The first 8 items are personal letters to Theodore and Hannah Mayhew Lincoln in Dennysville, Maine. From 1800-1817, acquaintances and family members provided news from towns including Machias, Maine, and Boston, Massachusetts. From 1818-1835, Theodore Lincoln corresponded with his son Benjamin, who attended Bowdoin College in Brunswick, Maine, until 1822, and studied medicine until 1827. He offered his son educational advice, noted the importance of maintaining bodily health, and shared news from Dennysville. Benjamin Lincoln later wrote to his parents and to his sister Mary about his life in Boston, Massachusetts, where he began practicing medicine in 1827, and about his career as a lecturer at the University of Vermont and the University of Maryland. Benjamin's siblings Thomas and Mary ("Molly") Lincoln wrote to him about life in Dennysville. James Savage, a cousin in Boston, wrote to Benjamin about the rumored appearance of Asiatic cholera in North America (June 24, 1832).

The Lincoln family received condolences from friends and family members following the deaths of Benjamin Lincoln in 1835 and Mary Lincoln in 1844. After Theodore Lincoln's death in 1852, several letters concern his finances with the University of Vermont. During the 1840s-1860s, Thomas Lincoln received personal letters from George F. Talbot. Civil War-era correspondence largely pertains to Theodore Lincoln's estate, and letters from Benjamin Lincoln to a cousin mention the prices of goods during the war.

Between 1873 and 1883, Thomas Lincoln corresponded with his son Arthur. Many of the letters pertain to Arthur's problems after "a contemptible scrape" at Bowdoin College that resulted in his temporary suspension (May 20, 1877). Thomas scolded his son, provided advice, and wrote to the university's president. Arthur Lincoln wrote 6 letters to his father while traveling through Europe in 1880. Later material includes letters that Edmund Lincoln wrote while traveling in 1905, and a 1927 letter about an attempt to donate Dr. Benjamin Lincoln's library to the University of Vermont. George Cheever Shattuck of Harvard Medical School wrote to Arthur Lincoln's wife, declining to accept Dr. Benjamin Lincoln’s letters for his medical library (April 21, 1944).

Other items include financial records related to Benjamin and Theodore Lincoln, a typed list of books, photographs of furniture and of the inside of a home, a photograph of "M. [Shimotiusa]," and a photographic postcard of the interior of Longfellow's Wayside Inn in South Sudbury, Massachusetts.