Lewis Walker letter books, 1813-1880 (majority within 1813-1815)
Using These Materials
- The collection is open for research.
- Walker, Lewis, ca. 1770-1840
- Lewis Walker letter books contain copies of letters written by a citizen of Catoctin Furnace, Maryland, who described the local effects of the War of 1812, as well as the dress and manners of visitors to the town.
- 2 volumes and 3 loose items
- Collection processed and finding aid created by Philip Heslip, March 2011
- Scope and Content:
The Lewis Walker letter books (58 pages) contain copies of letters written by a citizen of Catoctin Furnace, Maryland, who described the local effects of the War of 1812, as well as the dress and manners of visitors to the town. The collection is comprised of a letter book entitled "Private Letter Book commencing May 1, 1813;" a letter book of "Discriptions of Gentlemen & Ladies, who appeared in Stile at Catoctin Furnace, since the 5th of March;" and three loose items related to the Walker family.
The first letter book (17 items) contains letters written by Lewis Walker to friends and family. Walker discussed events and repercussions of the War of 1812, as well as his own efforts to avoid the war. Topics include: the workings of the town's iron forge (page 1), Walker's thoughts on joining Colonel Richard M. Johnson's horse troops and avoiding the draft (2, 4-6), the state of Baltimore before and during British occupation (pages 2, 4), descriptions of soldier's uniforms (6 page), the lack of available furnace workers because of the war (page 8), the "conflagration of Havre de Grace" (page 9), a description of Franklin County, Pennsylvania (page 13), a Catholic seminary in the area (page 14), the popularity among young men of joining the army (page 13), a ball attended by 60 couples (page 21), and many accounts of social interactions.Below is a list of letters in this volume:
- April 23, 1813: Cover page
- May 1, 1813: Walker to Samuel Hackly
- May 10, 1813: Walker to Reverend John P. Hecht
- May 19, 1813: Walker to S.M. Potts
- May 20, 1813: Walker to his father Thomas Walker
- May 28, 1813: Walker to cousin Nancy Leonard
- July 20, 1813: Walker to Thomas Walker
- July 28, 1813: Walker to his mother Anna Walker
- August 1, 1813: Walker to cousin Ann Leonard
- August 22, 1813: Walker to George H. Leonard
- September 11, 1813: Walker to cousin Nancy Leonard
- January 14, 1814: Walker to his sister Sarah H. Walker
- January 17, 1814: Walker to cousin Nancy Leonard
- January 21, 1814: Walker to Thomas Rutter, Esquire
- Undated: Walker to Edward Burd Hubley
- Undated: fragment
- March 15, 1797: Thomas Erskine to General Washington
The second letter book (19 items) is comprised of letters Walker sent to a group of friends between March and July of 1815. The letters contain reports on the dress, appearance, and social gifts of the "Gentlemen & Ladies, who appeared in Stile at Catoctin Furnace," Maryland. In the letters, Walker commented on visitors' personalities, physical traits (height and size), facial features, hair, and manners of dress. He often provided specific details on elements of the subjects' clothing, as well as on their opinions on politics and interesting conversation topics. Descriptions are both positive and negative. The following quotation is a sample of one of Walker's entries:
"Miss M. G…..y. there is no pretention to beauty neither in respect to face or person here. Her face bears the aspect of a Lady who has seen his "Satanic Majesty" for near eight years, as in plain terms been in the old maiden register for that length of time. Her eyes are jet-itself—very handsome black hair finely put up and very "stylish" in front, crowned with a small red Bonnet with white plumes flying—her person is considerably shorter than the generality of her sex—appears to be hip-short. I had no opportunity of discovering the state of her mind, "as the methodists say." Therefore can not judge of its elegance, but have been informed that it is of the first order—Adieu my fair nymphs. So good night. Stay but not bright."Below is a list of letters in the volume:
The three loose items are:
- March 6, 1815: Describing Captain Hillery
- March 7, 1815: Describing Mr. Sweadow of Baltimore
- March 8, 1815: Describing Mr. James Johnson
- March 8, 1815: Describing Captain B. Johnson, and Miss M.C..e of Baltimore
- March 10, 1815: Describing Miss. M. G….y
- March 14, 1815: Describing Miss A. R. G……
- March 16, 1815: Describing Mr. George Grundy
- March , 1815: Describing Mrs. N….I……
- March 27, 1815: Describing Mr. John Dillingham
- April 2, 1815: Describing Miss F…. I……
- April 18, 1815: Describing Mr. James Harwood of Lower Marlborough
- April 18, 1815: Describing Mr. Thomas T. Blackford (student at Physics)
- April 20, 1815: Describing Mr. Benjamin Blackford from Virginia
- April 22, 1815: Describing Mr. Joseph Johnson
- July 6, 1815: Describing Miss Z…. M…….
- Undated Sunday: Describing Miss A………e of Philadelphia
- Undated Sunday: Describing Miss J……a J…..n of Fredericktown
- Undated Sunday: Describing Miss M…..a Joh…. of Fredericktown
- Undated Tuesday the 5th: Describing Miss A……. of C.
- July 15, 1815: Walker to unknown - the letter is faded and only partially legible
- February 6, 1875: Copy of a March 4, 1822, letter to Sarah Walker from her mother Anna Walker, containing news on friends and family
- January 3, 1880: Brief notes on Uncle Hackly's reading of various letters
- Biographical / Historical:
Lewis Walker (ca. 1770-1840) was born in Pennsylvania to Thomas Walker and Anna Hockley. In 1798, Walker married Sarah Yeats Hubley (ca. 1777-ca. 1841), daughter of Jacob Hubley and Margaret Burd, in Pine, Pennsylvania. They had three children: Margaret Hubley, Thomas Hubley, and Lewis Leonard. By 1813, Walker had moved to Catoctin Furnace, Maryland, where he stayed until at least 1815. Walker died in York, Pennsylvania, in 1840 and his wife died a year later in Germantown, Pennsylvania.
- Acquisition Information:
- 1980. M-1898 .
- Processing information:
Cataloging funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) and the "We the People" project.
Two volumes and 3 loose items.
- Rules or Conventions:
- Finding aid prepared using Describing Archives: A Content Standard (DACS)
- Additional Descriptive Data:
Lewis Walker is distantly related to the Pennsylvania Burd-Shippen families documented in the Clements Library's Burd-Shippen papers.
Click on terms below to find any related finding aids on this site.
Bladensburg, Battle of, Bladensburg, Md., 1814.
Clothing and dress-- History.
Clothing and dress--United States--History--19th century.
Iron industry and trade--Maryland.
Democratic Party (U.S.)
Hubley, Edward B. (Edward Burd), 1792-1856.
Johnson, Richard M. (Richard Mentor), 1780-1850.
Pike, Zebulon Montgomery, 1779-1813.
Washington, George, 1732-1799.
Erskine, Thomas Erskine, Baron, 1750-1823.
Baltimore (Md.)--History--War of 1812.
Catoctin Furnace (Md.)
Pennsylvania--Description and travel.
United States--History--War of 1812.
Using These Materials
The collection is open for research.
- USE & PERMISSIONS:
Copyright status is unknown
- PREFERRED CITATION:
Lewis Walker Letter Books, William L. Clements Library, The University of Michigan