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Collection

Andrew Thompson account books, 1816-1823

2 volumes

These two volumes contain complementary financial records kept by Andrew Thompson, a merchant in Chester County, Pennsylvania, who traded foodstuffs and alcohol, particularly whiskey, in the early 1800s. One volume lists daily transactions and the other tracks running accounts with specific individuals. Each contains additional laid-in items such as receipts, financial records, and notes.

These two volumes contain complementary financial records kept by Andrew Thompson, a merchant in Chester County, Pennsylvania, who traded foodstuffs and alcohol in the early 1800s. The first volume holds chronological accounts of Thompson's daily transactions between April 2, 1816, and August 28, 1821. Each entry typically reflects an individual purchase, and corresponds with a running account kept in the accompanying volume. Thompson most frequently sold whiskey, which constituted the entirety of his sales on several occasions. Other entries reflect the costs of labor, including sawing work; at least one regards a "coloured man" who assisted in "diging for pipes in meadow" (February 25, 1817). Receipts and financial records laid into the volume often correspond with the dates of accounts; one loose item also contains a poem (June 10, 1820). Two pages in the back of the volume document Thompson's accounts with "Stiles," from whom he bought oats, rye, and whiskey in bulk.

The second volume contains similar accounts for the same types of goods, kept as running totals with specific individuals, as well as an index of Thompson's customers, who included several women. Entries in this volume correspond with those in the first, and some are accompanied by signed notes verifying that they had been settled. Receipts and other financial records are similarly laid into this volume, and they include an unofficial copy of a court summons, signed by Samuel Wilson of Chester County, Pennsylvania (February 28, 1818; p. 130). Every other page of this volume is numbered, and it contains in total approximately 532 total pages.

Collection

Gmelin v. DesBarres collection, 1772-1773

3 items

This collection contains three documents related to a boundary dispute on the Nappan River, a tributary of the Maccan River-in the County of Cumberland, Nova Scotia, Canada. The lawsuit involved Captain George Adam Gmelin and Lieutenant Joseph Frederick Wallett DesBarres of the 60th Regiment of Foot.

This collection contains three documents related to a boundary dispute on the Nappan River, a tributary of the Maccan River-in the County of Cumberland, Nova Scotia, Canada. The lawsuit involved Captain George Adam Gmelin and Lieutenant Joseph Frederick Wallett DesBarres of the 60th Regiment of Foot. See the box and folder listing below for details about each item.

Collection

Green-Mitchell family papers, 1780-1883 (majority within 1785-1812, 1831-1862)

3.75 linear feet

The Green-Mitchell family papers are made up of correspondence, legal documents, receipts, and other financial records pertaining to the business and personal affairs of New York attorneys Timothy Green and John W. Mitchell (Timothy Green's son-in-law). Much of the collection pertains to mercantile affairs and land speculation in the South, Northeast and Western United States. A large portion of the collection pertains to South Carolina (Charleston), New York, and Massachusetts (Worcester).

The Green-Mitchell family papers are made up of correspondence, legal documents, receipts, and other financial records pertaining to the business and personal affairs of New York attorneys Timothy Green and John W. Mitchell (Timothy Green's son-in-law). Much of the collection pertains to mercantile affairs and land speculation in the South, Northeast and Western United States. A large portion of the collection pertains to South Carolina (Charleston), New York, and Massachusetts (Worcester).

The Correspondence series contains 1,470 letters to and from members of the Green and Mitchell families between June 26, 1780 and October 1, 1880. Four hundred and sixteen incoming letters to Timothy Green date between 1780, and 1812. He received the bulk of them from family members, business partners, and clients in South Carolina, New York, and Worcester, Massachusetts. Timothy's brother, Samuel Green, a prominent merchant in Columbia, South Carolina, was among his most frequent correspondents. The collection includes 160 letters by Timothy Green, primarily sent from New York. Timothy Green's correspondence comprises the bulk of the collection's materials related to land speculation.

John W. Mitchell received 540 letters, approximately a third of the series, between 1806 and 1880. His primary correspondents wrote from Charleston, South Carolina; Fort Wayne, Indiana; and New York. The subject matter represented in these letters is diverse, pertaining to business and personal affairs, and the Episcopal Church. Other frequent writers include Timothy Ruggles Green, Clarence G. Mitchell, Samuel Green, and Judge Peter P. Bailey, founder of Trinity Episcopal Church in Fort Wayne, Indiana.

The Legal Documents series relates to estates administration and 48 legal suits in which the Green and Mitchell families were involved, either as attorneys or as parties to a suit. Materials for some of these cases are extensive and others include only a few pages. The cases comprising much of the series are Conklin v. Mitchell and Davis v. Duffie. Conklin v. Mitchell (New York, 1852-57) pertains to a land dispute between George Conklin and defendant John W. Mitchell. Davis v. Duffie (New York, 1825-1861) concerns charges brought against Smith Davis for fraud and a related mortgage taken out by Cornelius R. Duffie. John W. Mitchell and Clarence G. Mitchell defended Duffie.

Five certificates document commissions held by John W. Mitchell and Clarence G. Mitchell. Additional legal papers include insurance policies, powers of attorney, deeds, civil actions, summonses, depositions, agreements, and other items compiled by Timothy Green and John W. Mitchell in carrying out their work as attorneys.

The Financial Documents series contains 143 receipts, checks, bank notes, accounts, and other financial records dating from 1785-1874. Timothy Green compiled 11 summaries of accounts, representing a portion of his business transactions between 1787 and 1809.

Printed materials include a quarterly chronicle for the Mission to the Working Men of Paris (1877), two monthly bulletins for the Charity Organization Society in New York (1884), a notice of sale, and a cover page from the book One Day With Whistler.

Miscellaneous materials include two items: a partially-printed report card for Clarence G. Mitchell at the Episcopal Institute at Troy, New York, in 1837, and a genealogical document concerning the Boudinot family of Philadelphia.

The Manuscripts Division has also created an inventory of the letter-writers in the collection: Green-Mitchell Family Papers Correspondent Inventory.

Collection

Howard County (Mo.) Circuit Court documents, 1818-1861

46 items

This collection is made up of 46 documents produced or filed by the Howard County, Missouri, Circuit Court between 1818 and 1861. It includes depositions, summonses, subpoenas, bonds, financial records, itemized accounts, and other items. The cases pertain to wolf and large cat bounties (1818); local elections (1821); unpaid labor and lumber accounts (1840); the sale of Green, an enslaved teenager (sheriff's announcement, 1846); an estate dispute on the ownership of named enslaved women and men (1849); unpaid mill labor (1852); Ben, an enslaved man permitted to act as a free man and hire himself out for work (1855-1856); unpaid labor for the construction of a tobacco house (1856); unpaid labor for blacksmithing (1857); money owed for purchases by a "fancy liquor store" (1857); the murder of Mark by Dave, both enslaved men (1858); and fraud for selling Caroline, an enslaved woman "not sound in body and mind" (1861).

This collection is made up of 46 documents produced or filed by the Howard County, Missouri, Circuit Court between 1818 and 1857. It includes depositions, summonses, subpoenas, bonds, financial records, itemized accounts, and other items. The cases pertain to wolf and large cat bounties (1818); elections (1821); unpaid labor and lumber accounts (1840); the sale of Green, an enslaved teenager (sheriff's announcement, 1846); an estate dispute on the ownership of named enslaved women and men (1849); unpaid mill labor (1852); Ben, an enslaved man permitted to act as a free man and hire himself out for work (1855-1856); unpaid labor for the construction of a tobacco house (1856); unpaid labor for blacksmithing (1857); money owed for purchases by a "fancy liquor store" (1857); the murder of Mark by Dave, both enslaved men (1858); and fraud for selling an enslaved woman "not sound in body and mind" (1861).

Please see the box and folder listing below for a complete inventory of the collection.

Collection

James Gibbs collection, 1843

6 items

This collection contains documents related to a lawsuit between James Gibbs and Joseph E. Embertz of Caroline County, Maryland. Gibbs, a free African American, sued Embertz to regain possession of a "spotted sow."

This collection contains 6 documents related to a lawsuit between James Gibbs and Joseph E. Embertz of Caroline County, Maryland. Gibbs, a free African American, sued Embertz to regain possession of a "spotted sow" worth $5, which Embertz had allegedly stolen and retained illegally. The material documents most of the case's history and includes an affidavit and summons. Constable Alexander Ridegway is frequently mentioned in the documents.

Collection

Leflore County (Miss.) Coroner's Jury documents, 1887

5 items

This collection is made up of five documents or drafts of documents pertinent to a coroner's jury called to investigate the discovery of the body of a deceased black man in the Tallahatchie River near Shellmound, Mississippi, September 1887. The documents include an order by Justice of the Peace A. P. Parks for the sheriff to summon a coroner's jury (September 28, 1887), the jury's certification of the death of Harry Taylor (September 28, 1887), testimonies of witnesses providing hearsay about the discovery of two bodies in the river and the role of local black Freemasons in their deaths, a jury statement that the body was that of Harry Taylor and that he'd been killed by named black Masons, and a manuscript account for payment to the jury and others (September 30, 1887).
Collection

Lycoming County (Pa.) Court of Oyer and Terminer and Quarter Sessions documents, 1862, 1874, 1881-1907

85 items (0.25 linear feet)

This collection is made up of 85 documents produced or filed by the Pennsylvania Court of Oyer and Terminer at Lycoming County 1862, 1874, and 1881-1907. It includes warrants, subpoenas, summonses, legal transcripts, financial papers, and other documentation. The defendants in these cases were all women, including at least one teenager. They were accused of crimes including theft of milk, larceny, obtaining goods under false pretenses, poisoning of animals, sexually explicit swearing, keeping a bawdy house, public intoxication, assault and battery, perjury, bigamy, arson, and others.

This collection is made up of 85 documents produced or filed by the Pennsylvania Court of Oyer and Terminer at Lycoming County 1862, 1874, and 1881-1907. It includes warrants, subpoenas, summonses, legal transcripts, financial papers, and other documentation. The defendants in these 20 cases are all women, including at least one teenager. They were accused of crimes including theft of milk, larceny, obtaining goods under false pretenses, poisoning of animals, sexually explicit swearing, keeping a bawdy house, public intoxication, assault and battery, perjury, bigamy, arson, and others.

Please see the box and folder listing below for a complete inventory of the collection.

Collection

State of Indiana v. Luther A. Donnell collection, 1848-1849

23 items

This collection consists of 24 manuscript items related to State of Indiana v. Luther A. Donnell, tried in the Decatur County Circuit Court in 1849. Luther A. Donnell, an Indiana farmer, was prosecuted for providing assistance to the Beach family during their escape from enslavement in Trimble County, Kentucky. The documents consist of 20 witness summons, the witness testimony of Robert Hamilton and Woodson Clark in the context of the court's proceedings, a summation of the trial proceedings (including the witness testimony of Robert Hamilton), an 1848 grand jury indictment, and one verdict slip.

The collection consists of 24 manuscript items related to the case of State of Indiana v. Luther A. Donnell, tried in the Decatur County Circuit Court in 1849. Luther A. Donnell, an Indiana farmer, was prosecuted for providing assistance to the Beach family during their escape from enslavement in Trimble County, Kentucky. The documents consist of 20 witness summons, the witness testimony of Robert Hamilton and Woodson Clark in the context of the court's proceedings, a summation of the trial proceedings including the witness testimony of Robert Hamilton, an 1848 grand jury indictment, and one verdict slip.

The 20 witness summonses are partially printed documents used to summon witnesses on behalf of the state, plaintiff, and defendant. They span the period of June 28, 1848-March 29, 1849.

One of the written documents is a summary of the trial proceedings. The proceedings include the indictment against Donnell on the basis of Indiana law and the legality of slavery in Kentucky; evidence introduced on behalf of the state; witness testimony for the state and defendant, including that of Robert Hamilton, associate of Donnell; the rendering of a guilty verdict; and attempts by the defense counsel to have the verdict set aside on the basis that the law Donnell was tried under was unconstitutional. Hamilton, who assisted Donnell with the hiding and escape of the Beach family, recounted the events of November 1, 1847, in his testimony, including Donnell's efforts to secure a writ of habeas corpus to search the property of Woodson Clark (who he believed was imprisoning the Beach family). Additional witnesses described seeing the Beach family or persons matching their description on their journey through the county following their rescue by Donnell and others. Woodson Clark's testimony also recounts the events of November 1, including his discovery of the Beach family and his subsequent deceit and imprisonment of them in a fodder house on property owned by his son, Robert Clark. Clark also notes his acquaintance with George Ray including a visit to his home where he had first seen members of the Beach family.