This collection is made up of letters that John Claude wrote to his brothers, Dennis and Abram Claude of Annapolis, Maryland, while serving with the United States Army at Plattsburgh, New York, during the War of 1812. He discussed his opinions on patriotism, the progress of the war, and contemporary European politics, particularly concerning Napoleon.
Collection processed and finding aid created by Meg Hixon, January 2012
Scope and Content:
This collection is made up of 10 letters that John Claude wrote to his brothers, Dennis Claude (8 items) and Abram Claude (2 items) of Annapolis, Maryland, while serving with the United States Army at Plattsburgh, New York, in 1814 and 1815. He often referred to the progress of the war and to his strong sense of patriotism, and mused on topics such as contemporary European politics. He shared his opinions of domestic and foreign political issues, including the potential effects of Napoleon's defeat on the major European powers, and frequently included philosophical quotes and poetry in his letters. He also offered commentary on recent and possible military actions in the War of 1812, expressed his belief that a successful British attack in Maryland would prove disastrous (September 26, 1814) and lamented the destruction of Washington, D.C. (November 17, 1814). Though he commented most often on politics and on the general state of the war, Claude occasionally mentioned his own military activities and drew a map of the fortifications at Plattsburgh (January 7, 1815). He revealed some details about his personal religious beliefs and shared his grief upon hearing news of the death of his brother Abram (October 19, 1814).
Biographical / Historical:
Abraham Claude, a clockmaker, moved to Annapolis, Maryland, from Neuchâtel, Switzerland, in 1763 or 1764. He married Nancy Stevens on May 19, 1775, and they had three surviving sons: John (b. September 26, 1780), Dennis (1782-1863), and Abram (1784-1814). John served in the United States Army during the War of 1812 and was stationed at Plattsburgh, New York, during the war's final year. Dennis, a doctor, served in both houses of the Maryland Legislature, as mayor of Annapolis (1828-1837; 1853-1854), and as the state's comptroller. Abram, a lawyer, died during the Battle of Bladensburg in 1814.
1987. M-2343 .
Cataloging funded by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC). This collection has been processed according to minimal processing procedures and may be revised, expanded, or updated in the future.
The collection is arranged chronologically.
Rules or Conventions:
Finding aid prepared using Describing Archives: A Content Standard (DACS)