Aldred Scott Warthin papers, 1893-1947 (majority within 1923-1931)
Using These Materials
- The collection is open to research.
- Warthin, Aldred Scott, 1866-1931
- University of Michigan pathologist. Correspondence, primarily with physicians, articles, and other material relating to University of Michigan Medical School and medical practice in general; files relating to his editorship of the Annals of Clinical Medicine; and photographs.
- 3 linear feet
- Call Number:
- 86199 Aa 2
- Finding aid created by Susan Avery, September 1993
- Scope and Content:
The Aldred Scott Warthin collection documents the growth of pathology as a discipline at the Medical School at the University of Michigan and the professional life of one of the nation's leading pathologists. The papers are divided into five series: Correspondence, Topical Files, Writings, Biographical/Personal, and Annals of Clinical Medicine.
- Biographical / Historical:
Aldred Scott Warthin was a pathologist, teacher, and author of international reputation who served the University of Michigan Medical School as director of the Pathology Laboratory from 1903 until his death in 1931.
Born in Greensburg, Indiana in 1866, as a youth Warthin often accompanied his physician uncle collecting specimens. He also took piano lessons to please his invalid mother and entered the Cincinnati Conservatory of Music, where, in 1887, he was awarded a teacher's diploma. Warthin attended Indiana University, where he pursued his interest in science and received an A.B. degree in 1888. Warthin then entered the University of Michigan Medical School, supporting himself by teaching music lessons and serving as a church organist. In 1891 he was awarded an M.D., followed by a Ph.D. in 1893.
Warthin began his medical career as an assistant and demonstrator in internal medicine at the university. He assumed charge of the pathology laboratory in 1896. He requested all specimens from clinics be sent to him for diagnosis and soon established a close relationship between pathology and clinical medicine. In 1903 he was named director of the lab and professor. From 1893 to 1900 Warthin spent his summers in European pathology laboratories in Vienna, Dresden, and Freiburg.
Subjects of particular interest to Warthin ranged from the problems of tuberculosis to the importance of constitution and heredity in leukemia and hemolymph nodes as well as genetic tendencies to cancer and constitutional aspects of hyperthyroidism. Following World War I he carried on extensive work on the pathology of mustard gas poisoning. He also addressed the social hygiene problems inherent in the spread of venereal diseases at this time. The last twenty years of his life were devoted to the study of the pathology of syphilis particularly involving the heart, aorta, pancreas, adrenals and testes.
Warthin's writings appeared in the form of pathology textbooks and translations, as well as articles in journals and textbooks. From 1924 to 1931 Warthin served as editor of the Annals of Clinical Medicine (later the Annals of Internal Medicine). Among the books he authored is The Physician of the Dance of Death (1931), a work prompted by his interest in books and pictures he collected which depicted the "Dance of Death." This volume and two others, Old Age- The Major Involution (1929) and The Creed of a Biologist (1930), reflected Warthin's thinking on immortality and human nature.
In 1927 he was presented with a special tribute, a "Festschrift" comprised of fifty-eight contributions to medical science from his students and early teachers. Warthin was also awarded the Henry Russel Award in 1929 by the University of Michigan.
At the Race Betterment conference in Battle Creek in 1928, Warthin expressed his controversial views that religion and the concept of forgiveness of sin only served to harm the human race by the continual transmission of social diseases. He also discouraged marrying for romantic love and encouraged those contemplating marriage to check fully into their ancestral backgrounds to avoid the transmittal of inheritable disease to future generations. Warthin believed the only means to physical betterment and long life came through eugenics.
Warthin was prominently involved in professional organizations, serving as the president for many of them. These presidencies included the American Association of Pathologists and Bacteriologists in 1908, International Association of Medical Museums from 1910 to 1913, American Society for Experimental Pathology in 1924, Association of American Physicians in 1924, American Association for Cancer Research in 1928, and the American Association of the History of Medicine, 1930-1931. He served as well as the vice president of the American Association of Physicians from 1925 until his death. He died in Ann Arbor in 1931.
- Acquisition Information:
- The bulk of this collection came to the library in 1945 and 1948 from the Dept. of Pathology (Donor no. 2108 ) and from Dr. Carl Weller of the Department of Pathology (Donor no. 2487 ). A small accession came from Dr. Thomas Angell Warthin (Donor no. 6236 ), and 1 folder was received from Dr. Thomas Weller in 1996.
- Physical Location:
- Portions located in offsite storage; prior notification required for access.
- Additional Descriptive Data:
Selective Index to Correspondents
- Adami, J. George (John George), 1862-1926
- in Correspondence, General March 29, 1887, April 10, 1897
- Beal, Junius Emery, 1860-1942
- in Topical Files, University of Michigan, Medical Library Jan. 18, 1926, March 6, 1926
- in Correspondence, General Nov. 13, 1918, July 15, 1923
- Clements, William L. (William Lawrence), 1861-1934
- in Topical Files, University of Michigan, Medical Library Feb. 6, 1926
- Flexner, Simon, 1863-1946
- in Writings, Publications, Chronological Series June 28, 1918, May 31, 1927
- in Topical Files, University of Michigan, Honor Societies, Alpha Omega Alpha April 23, 1926, Feb. 1, 1927
- in Correspondence, General April 13, 1897, Oct. 3, 1902
- in Topical Files, University of Michigan, Student Recommendations and Concerns Oct. 28, 1929
- Hektoen, Ludvig, 1863-1951
- in Topical Files, Associations and Organizations, American Medical Association Nov. 1, 1927
- in Topical Files, Associations and Organizations, Archives of Pathology Nov. 9, 1925, Nov. 8, 1926, April 4, 1927, May 12, 1927, May 24, 1927, Nov. 9, 1927, Dec. 1, 1927
- in Topical Files, Associations and Organizations, National Research Council Dec. 8, 1924, Jan. 8, 1925, May 29, 1925, June 30, 1925
- in Topical Files, Associations and Organizations, National Research Council, Medicolegal Institute Nov. 18, 1924, Nov. 29, 1924
- in Writings, Publications, Chronological Series Dec. 5, 1924, Sept. 14, 1925, Sept. 18, 1925, Nov. 21, 1925, Feb. 19, 1926, Oct. 11, 1928, Oct. 15, 1928
- in Topical Files, Medical Opinions, Advice and Studies, Dibothriocephalus latus investigation March 12, 1928, Dec. 17, 1928, Oct. 15, 1928
- in Topical Files, Medical Opinions, Advice and Studies, Pernicious Anemia Oct. 27, 1924
- in Correspondence, Personal Dec. 13, 1926
- in Correspondence, General, March 5, 1910, March 21, 1910, March 26, 1910, June 18, 1910, Sept. 24, 1910
- Jacobi, A. (Abraham), 1830-1919
- in Correspondence, General April 17, 1907, June 18, 1908, June 30, 1908
- Kellogg, John Harvey, 1852-1943
- in Correspondence, General June 13, 1927
- Selective Name Index (cont.)
- in Correspondence, General June 13, 1927
- Krumbhaar, E.B. (Edward Bell), 1882-
- in Topical Files, Associations and Organizations, American Association of the History of Medicine April 29, 1930
- in Topical Files, Associations and Organizations, Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology Jan 3, 1924, Aug. 24, 1924, Sept. 5, 1924, Oct. 30, 1924, Nov. 18, 1924, Nov. 28, 1924, Dec. 4, 1924, Dec. 10, 1924, Dec. 15, 1924, Dec. 19, 1924, Jan. 8, 1925, Jan. 19, 1925, Jan. 26, 1927, Feb. 26, 1927
- in Topical Files, Associations and Organizations, International Society for Medical History March 26, 1927
- in Correspondence, General Jan. 14, 1928, May 18, 1928
- Mayo, William James, 1861-1939
- in Topical Files, University of Michigan, Medical Library Feb. 3, 1926, May 31, 1926
- in Correspondence, General Dec. 28, 1925
- Osler, William, Sir, 1849-1919
- in William Osler Correspondence folder
- Rous, Peyton, 1879-1970
- in Topical Files, Associations and Organizations, Rockefeller Institute Feb. 2, 1925, Feb. 7, 1925
- in Topical Files, Medical Opinions, Advice and Studies, Dinitrophenal Study Oct. 24, 1918, Nov. 13, 1918, Nov. 14, 1918
- in Topical Files, University of Michigan, Honor Societies, Alpha Omega Alpha Oct. 28, 1925, Feb. 3, 1926
- in Correspondence, Personal Dec. 15, 1924
- also in Correspondence, Miscellaneous (Warthin and Weller)
- Sanford, Arthur Hawley, 1882-
- in Topical Files, Medical Opinions, Advice and Studies, Medical Opinions and Advice Feb. 26, 1924, March 6, 1924
- Vaughan, Victor C. (Victor Clarence), 1851-1929
- in Writings, Publications, Chronological Series May 23, 1918, July 18, 1918, Nov. 4, 1918
- in Topical Files, University of Michigan, Pathology Department, War Activities of Pathology Department March 30, 1918
- in Correspondence, Personal Oct. 3, 1925, Oct. 10, 1925, Feb. 3, 1926, May 21, 1926
- in Correspondence, Miscellaneous (Warthin and Weller), Jan. 21, 1928
- Welch, William Henry, 1850-1934
- in Correspondence, General April 10, 1897, Nov. 21, 1900, April 29, 1907, Oct. 16, 1907, April 8, 1908, July 18, 1908, Aug. 29, 1908, March 26, 1917, Aug. 27, 1918
- in Correspondence, Miscellaneous (Warthin and Weller), June 21, 1916
- Adami, J. George (John George), 1862-1926
Click on terms below to find any related finding aids on this site.
Annals of clinical medicine.
Medicine -- Study and teaching -- Michigan.
Physicians -- Michigan -- Ann Arbor.
Medicine -- Michigan.
University of Michigan. Dept. of Pathology.
University of Michigan -- Faculty.
University of Michigan. Medical School.
University of Michigan -- Student housing -- 1881-1890.
Warthin, Aldred Scott, 1866-1931.
Adami, J. George (John George), 1862-1926.
Beal, Junius E. (Junius Emery), 1860-1942.
Clements, William L. (William Lawrence), 1861-1934.
Flexner, Simon, 1863-1946.
Hektoen, Ludvig, 1863-1951.
Jacobi, A. (Abraham), 1830-1919.
Kellogg, John Harvey, 1852-1943.
Krumbhaar, E. B. (Edward Bell), 1882-1966.
Mayo, William James, 1861-1939.
Osler, William, Sir, 1849-1919.
Rous, Peyton, 1879-1970.
Sanford, Arthur Hawley, 1882-1959.
Vaughan, Victor C. (Victor Clarence), 1851-1929.
Welch, William Henry, 1850-1934.
Weller, Carl Vernon, 1887-1969.
Using These Materials
The collection is open to research.
- USE & PERMISSIONS:
Copyright is held by the Regents of the University of Michigan but the collection may contain third-party materials for which copyright is not held. Patrons are responsible for determining the appropriate use or reuse of materials.
- PREFERRED CITATION:
[item], folder, box, Aldred Scott Warthin Papers, Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan