The collection has been divided into four series: Litigation/Court Cases, Political and Cultural Activities, Publications, and Topical Files. The many files of correspondence and press clippings document the types of legal and political battles and causes that Jabara has tackled throughout his career. A limited amount of material in the collection is in Arabic and French, mostly correspondence, press clippings, and newsletters, and is noted as such in the contents list.
Abdeen M. Jabara was born in Mancelona, Michigan in 1940 to Lebanese parents who had immigrated to the United States in the early 20th century. Jabara took an interest in Middle Eastern affairs throughout his youth and upon high school graduation (1958), he decided to attend the University of Michigan primarily because the school offered courses in Arabic and had a large Arab student population. During his early undergraduate years (1960s), Jabara determined that in order to learn the Arabic language properly, he would have to immerse himself in the culture. He spent five months in Cairo, then journeyed by freighter to Lebanon to visit his father's village.
During Jabara's years of law school at Wayne State University in Detroit, he gradually became involved with civil rights and founded a local chapter of the Civil Rights Research Council. He graduated from law school in 1965 and returned to Lebanon to further develop his Arabic language skills.
Jabara returned to Detroit in 1966 to open his law practice. In 1967, the Arab-Israeli war and the anti-Arab sentiment it created prompted Jabara to become more involved with Arab-American issues. In 1968, Arab academics met at the University of Michigan to discuss the political situation and formed the Association of Arab-American University Graduates (AAUG). The mission of the AAUG was to promote educational and cultural activities and provide information about the Arab world and Arab-American community. Jabara served as the first executive secretary and was later elected president of the group in 1972.
In 1970, Jabara joined the law firm of Lafferty, Reosti, Jabara, Papakhian, Stickgold, James, and Smith in Detroit. For the next decade and a half, he would fight for the rights of Arabs living or traveling in the United States, as well as for political activists in general. He did so by challenging the practice of collecting information and maintaining surveillance of Arabs and Arab Americans by such institutions as the Detroit and Michigan State Police, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and the Secretary of State. Jabara's own case against the FBI, for which he enlisted the help of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), finally ended in victory in 1984. The FBI agreed to destroy his file and acknowledge that collecting the information found within the file violated his constitutional rights.
Throughout his legal career, Jabara would take on nationally prominent cases of Arabs and Arab-Americans. Such cases included Sirhan B. Sirhan, convicted for the assassination of Robert F. Kennedy in 1968, and Ziad Abu Eain, wanted for extradition to Israel for a 1979 Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) bombing. Jabara also worked as part of the defense team for Omar Ahmad Ali Abdel Rahman, who was accused of plotting to destroy New York City landmarks and the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center.
Jabara was also involved in the National Lawyer's Guild (NLG), an organization founded as an alternative to the more conservative American Bar Association. In 1977, he traveled to Lebanon, Jordan, Israel, and the Occupied Territories as part of the NLG's Middle East delegation to report on the condition and treatment of Palestinians living in the Occupied Territories. Jabara became president of the American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee in 1986. The ADC, founded by former Senator James Abourezk in 1980, devoted itself to the protection of the rights of people of Arab descent and the promotion of their cultural heritage. In 2002, Jabara worked for the ADC Research Institute in Washington D.C. He served as president of the Arab-American Anti-Discrimination Committee, former board member of the Center for Constitutional Rights, and former co-counsel with Lynne Stewart for Sheik Omar Abdel-Rahman. As of January 2016, Jabara is a member of the legal advisory board for the American Muslim Council and an active member of the National Lawyers Guild.