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Suomi College Finnish-American collection, 1880-1972

100 microfilms

The Finnish Collection consists of 100 reels of microfilm concerning Finnish-American Churches, Labor Societies, Temperance Organizations, and other materials from the United States and Canada. The collection is the result of a joint project between the Bentley Library, Suomi College (now Finlandia University), and the University of Turku, Finland, coordinated in 1974-75.

The Suomi College Finnish-American Collection is comprised of 100 reels of microfilm containing records from 151 separate organizations (68 of which are located in Michigan). These organizations are comprised of the following kinds of records:

  1. Church materials: 62 record groups (32 from Michigan)
  2. Labor societies: 9 record groups (0 from Michigan)
  3. Temperance materials: 61 record groups (26 from Michigan

Other organizations, including educational, relief, musical, athletic, national, historical societies, publishing companies, and some personal: 19 record groups (10 from Michigan)

Because the materials have been filmed in a random order, an index at the end of the container listing has been prepared to guide the researcher to specific kinds of records: church, temperance, etc.


Sligh Family Papers, 1842-2012

36 linear feet (in 41 boxes) — 31 oversize volumes — 1 oversize folder

Grand Rapids, Michigan family, involved in furniture making and other businesses, also active in local state and Republican Party politics and businessmen's associations. Papers include family papers and correspondence, business records, scrapbooks and visual materials.

The Sligh family collection consists of the personal and business papers of the four generations of Slighs mentioned in the biographical introduction: James W. Sligh, Charles R. Sligh, Charles R. Sligh, Jr., and Robert L. Sligh. Although there is some overlap, the files have been arranged into seven series, one for each of these three Slighs, one for the Sligh Furniture Company and related family businesses, and one each for Newspaper clippings and Scrapbooks, and Visual Materials.


Satakunta Region immigrant letters, 1880-1964

25 microfilms (positive)

The Institute of General History at the University of Turku, Finland (Turun Yliopisto. Yleisen Historian Laitos) microfilmed thousands of letters from Satakunta region in 1964. The letters were written by Finnish emigrants to their families and friends in Finland.

There are about 6000 letters in this collection. Most of the letters have been written by emigrants who used to live in Satakunta but there are also some from persons who lived in other provinces before emigrating. There are also post cards, diaries and passports in the collection. The letters were written to residents of Satakunta from 1880 to 1964. Although most of the letters were sent from the United States and Canada, there were a few letters from South America, Australia, New Zealand and Soviet Union.

The collection was arranged by towns (also known as parishes or municipalities). Within each town series the letters of each recipient were kept together. The owners of the letters are in chronological order according to the emigrating year of their correspondents.

Every collector of letters filled out a questionnaire for each writer. The questionnaire is at the beginning of the sender's letters. In the upper right corner of the questionnaire there is a code that includes the abbreviation of the town and the location of the sender.

Questionnaire used in collecting America letters:

  1. The owner of the letters (name and address)
  2. The writer of the letters (name and last address)
  3. The relationship between the owner and the writer
  4. When left for America
  5. Who were they visiting in America
  6. Why left
  7. Home town in Finland
  8. The occupation of the parents
  9. How large was the family of the parents of the emigrant
  10. Was the emigrant married when he left Finland
  11. Did the wife and children emigrate, too
  12. Did the emigrant get married in America
  13. What year
  14. The nationality of the spouse
  15. The occupation of the emigrant when emigrated
  16. Had the emigrant ever been working outside the home town before emigrating
  17. How did the emigrant go to America (route and vehicle)
  18. The first workplace in America
  19. What kind of work
  20. Where did the emigrant live the longest time in America
  21. What kind of work
  22. Other members of the group who emigrated at the same time: name, hometown, return to Finland
  23. The later life of the emigrant: did/did not return to Finland
  24. If applicable, why did the emigrant return
  25. Return route and vehicle
  26. Occupation after return
  27. The number of the letters (photos, diaries etc.) in the enclosed questionnaire envelope
  28. The owner donates the letters/loans them only for microfilming
  29. The collector of the letters (name and address)
  30. To be filled by the Institute of General History

Documents in this collection contain the following abbreviations for the names of the town or parish from an immigrant came:

  1. AHL = Ahlainen
  2. ALAS = Alastaro
  3. EURA = Eura
  4. E-KI = Eurajoki
  5. HIN = Hinnerjoki
  6. H-KI = Honkajoki
  7. H-TI = Honkilahti
  8. HUIT = Huittinen
  9. HAM = Hämeenkyrö
  10. IKA = Ikaalinen
  11. JAM = Jämijärvi
  12. KAN = Kankaanpää
  13. K-KU = Karkku
  14. KAR = Karvia
  15. KIH = Kihniö
  16. KIIK = Kiikka
  17. KNEN = Kiikoinen
  18. KOK = Kokemaki
  19. KUL = Kullaa
  20. KOY=Köyliö
  21. LAP = Lappi Tl.
  22. LAV = Lavia
  23. LOIM = Loimaa
  24. MEL = Mellilä
  25. MER = Merikarvia
  26. MET = Metsämaa
  27. MOU = Mouhijarvi
  28. NOOR = Noormarkku
  29. PAR = Parkano
  30. POM = Pomarkku
  31. PORI = City of Pori and rural parish of Pori
  32. PUN = Punkalaidun
  33. RAUM = Rauma: city and rural parish
  34. SIIK = Siikainen
  35. SUOD = Suodenniemi
  36. SAK = Säkylä
  37. TYRV = Tyrvää and Vammala
  38. VAMP = Vampula

Natural Resources of Michigan Web Archive, 2010-2014

14 archived websites (online; multiple captures)

Web collection of websites created by various organizations whose service is to natural resources of the State of Michigan, archived by the Bentley Historical Library using the California Digital Library Web Archiving Service crawler from 2010-2015 and the Archive-It web archiving service beginning in 2015.

The Web Archive of Michigan's Natural Resources collection contains archived websites created by various organizations and movements concerned with preservation of natural resources in the State of Michigan. The websites have been archived by the Bentley Historical Library, using the California Digital Library Web Archiving Service crawler from 2010-2015 and the Archive-It web archiving service beginning in 2015. Access to all websites archived by the Bentley Historical Library is available at:

Web Archives include websites of conservation groups, environmental organizations and nature associations who call the state of Michigan home. The collection is especially strong in documenting conservation initiatives and environmental protection in Michigan.

The year that appears next to the website title in the contents list indicates the date that the website was first archived. Archived versions of the site from later dates may also be available.


Moses M. Frohlich papers, 1980-1995

0.1 linear feet

Moses M. Frohlich (1902-1995) was a professor of psychiatry at the University of Michigan. Consists of reminiscences of his life and work, some transcribed and edited by his son Michael Frohlich.

The Moses M. Frohlich papers consists of reminiscences of his life and work, some transcribed and edited by his son Michael Frohlich.


Louis C. Cramton Papers, circa 1865-1966 (majority within 1916-1965)

8 linear feet — 2 oversize volumes — 1 oversize folder

State Representative from Lapeer, Michigan; U.S. Congressman, 1913-1931, and special attorney to the Secretary of the Interior, 1931-1932; correspondence, speeches, newspaper clippings, scrapbooks, photographs, campaign materials, and other items relating to his advocacy of the national park system, the concept of historic preservation, fair employment practices legislation, increased support for Howard University and all other aspects of his career.

The Louis C. Cramton papers came to the Bentley Historical Library in three separate accessions (1948-1950; 1971; 1987). The collection has been arranged into six series: Correspondence, Miscellaneous Papers, Topical Files, Newspaper clippings/Scrapbooks, Photographs, and Louis Kay Cramton Papers.


John Tanton Papers, 1960-2007

25 linear feet — 1 oversize folder

Environmental, population control, and immigration reform advocate; organization and litigation files relating to his various interests and activities; includes correspondence, legal documents, memos, topical files, and miscellaneous photographs.

The papers of Dr. John Tanton consist of materials documenting his work as a political and environmental activist from 1960 through the 2000s. The portion of the collection open without restriction is divided into the following series: Personal/Biographical; Population and Immigration Organizations and Issues; Conservation Organizations and Issues; Topical Files and Activities; Correspondence; Politics and Government; and Social Issues. The portion of the collection closed to research until 2035 includes the continuation of several series: Correspondence; Personal/Biographical; Population and Immigration Organizations and Issues; Conservation Organizations and Issues; and one new series, Public Interest Organizations and Issues.


John D. Dingell Papers, 1932-1956

4 linear feet

Democratic congressman from Michigan's 15th District, 1933-1955, Dingell served on Ways and Means Committee beginning in his second term and was an ardent supporter of President Franklin D. Roosevelt and New Deal policies. He played a significant role in passage of the Social Security Act. Papers include correspondence, clippings, press releases, speeches and interviews.

The papers of John Dingell span the years 1932-1955. The papers appear to represent a portion of his congressional office file. The collection consists of correspondence (both incoming and outgoing) and clippings relating to many of the bills which Dingell introduced, and copies of press statements, speeches, and interviews. There is no personal material. There are no documents relating to his committee work or to legislation introduced by other members of the House. Nor do the files of his own bills seem complete (for instance, Dingell's anti-pollution bill is missing). By and large the correspondence is fairly routine or for public consumption. Some of the correspondence is from constituents, some from special interest groups, and some (though not much) from colleagues.


John Bond Trevor Papers, 1921-1951

2 linear feet

New York attorney, officer of the American Coalition of Patriotic, Civic and Fraternal Societies, 1927-1950, and activist in the movement to restrict immigration into the United States. Minutes, resolutions, and other records of the American Coalition; also correspondence of Trevor with congressman Albert Johnson of Washington state relating to immigration matters.

The papers of John B. Trevor relate primarily to his association with the American Coalition of Patriotic Societies (beginning in 1929) and his association with Albert Johnson, chairman of the Committee on Immigration and Naturalization of the US House of Representatives. The collection is an important resource for the study of various immigration restriction legislation in the 1920s.


International Organization of Good Templars records, 1855-1970

25.5 linear feet — 9 oversize volumes

International fraternal temperance lodge. Records of the National Grand Lodge and local lodges in Illinois, New York and Washington (including numerous Scandinavian-American lodges) containing correspondence, minute books, financial ledgers, scrapbooks, newspaper clippings, pamphlets, proceedings, and periodicals; also photographs.

Although the record group does include some correspondence, the bulk of the records consist of minute books and financial ledgers, mainly from the 1880s up to 1920. Many of these are for lodges in Illinois and Washington State. In addition, there are published materials, such as temperance books, pamphlets, and issues of periodicals. The proceedings of annual meetings are from many more states and provide detailed information on the national importance of the organization. The photographs are mainly of various group meetings.